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ȨAbout SANGJUHistory of SANGJUGoryeo Dynasty

Goryeo Dynasty

  • History of SANGJU
  • In the 14 th year of the reign of King Seongjong (995), today's Provincial System first came into operation. The whole country was divided into 10 provinces and a centralized system was established, with local governors called Jeoldosa ( ) appointed to each province. Sangju, then Yeongnamdo ( ֺԳ ), had a governor in charge of 12 Jus and 48 Hyuns in Gyeongsangdo.

    At that time, Gyeongju was called Yeongdongdo ( ֺԳ ), including 9 Jus and 35 Hyuns, and Jinju, then Sannamdo ( ߣԳ ) covering 10 Jus and 37 Hyuns in Gyeongnam.

  • Current Territorial Status of 10 Provinces Nationwide

    Gwannaedo ( μҮԳ : Gyeonggi- and Hwanghaedo Hwanghaedo)

    Jungwondo ( Գ : Chungcheongbukdo)

    Hanamdo ( Գ : Chungcheongnamdo )

    Gangnamdo ( ˰Գ : Jeollabukdo )

    Yeongnamdo ( ֺԳ : Part of GyeongsangdoGyeongsangdo)

    Yeongdongdo ( ֺԳ : Part of Gyeongsangnamdo

    Sannamdo ( ߣԳ : Part of Gyeongsangnamdo)

    Haeyangdo ( Գ : Jeollanamdo )

    Sakbangdo ( ۰Գ : Part of Gangwon- and Hamgyeongnamdo)

    Paeseodo ( Գ : Pyeongando )

    Another name of Gyeongsangdo, Yeongnam, originated from this Yeongnamdo ( Ҵ ).

  • In the 3 rd year of Hyunjong's reign (1012), Andong Daedohobu ( Դݤ ) was established in Sangju in order to govern Gyeongju and Jinju. In the 5 th year of the same reign (1014), Andong Daedohobu was moved to Gyeongju and Anmusa ( ) was installed.
  • For better delivery of royal orders and official documents, dispatch of local governors and officials, and transportation of special commodities, 525 stations (Yeokcham - ) were established and major roads were distributed in 22 provinces, named after major areas. The 25 stations that covered Sangjudo( Գ ) via Sangju included Yugok (Mungyeong), Nakdong (Sangju), Cheolpa-Angye (Uiseong), Jibo (Yonggung), Songje (Imha), Mungeo (Cheongsong), etc. Gyeongsanbudo ( ߣݤԳ ) covered 25 stations including Naksan (Sangju), Gimcheon, Anrim (Goryeong), Heodong (Yeongdong), etc.

    Yeokcham: A station in which passengers transferred horses, served as a post office or lodging

  • In the 9 th year of Hyunjong's reign (1018), the country was restructured into 5 provinces, 2 communities, 4 districts (Doho) and 8 areas (Mokje). This system existed until the collapse of the Goryeo Dynasty. After that, Moksa was established in Sangju and Sangju-mok functioned as Gyesugwan ( ͣί ) in charge of leading and supervising 7 Guns, 18 Hyuns and 2 Jisabus.
  • Sangju-mok was then in charge of 7 Guns, Mungyeong, Yonggung, Gaeryung, Boryung, Hamchang, Yeongdong, and Haepyeong-gun (17 Hyuns including Uiseong, Gunyu) and also included Imha, Yean, and Uiheung-gun in Andong-bu (10 Hyuns including Bonghwa) and Goryung-gun in Gyeongsan-bu (10 Hyuns including Daegu and Chilgok).
  • Current Status of 8 Moks Nationwide

    Sangju ( ) Gwangju ( ) Cheongju ( ) Chungju ( ) Jinju ( ) Jeonju ( ) Naju ( ) Hwangju ( )

  • Jeoldosa, local governor, monitored the administration of local officials and had the authority to order promotion and dismissal, and was renamed several times as Anchalsa, Anryunsa, or Dogwanchalchulcheoksa.
  • In the 41 st year of Gojong's reign (1254), during the 6 th invasion of the Monggolian army, Charadae ( ), Mongolian general, attached Chungchu and Sangju Fortresses, but Sangju's Hongji, monk of the Euncheok Hwangryungsa, launched a counterattack, defeated half the energy, and forced them to retreat south.
  • In the 1 st year of King Chungsuk's reign (1314), Gyeongju and Sangju were renamed as Gyeongsangdo( Գ ), which has since remained the same throughout the Joseon Dynasty. The year marked the year of birth of today's Gyeongsangdo.